Intellectual Property Dispute between Aerolab & Sahara Force India

The dispute between Design Company Aerolab and Force India has been settled, on 23rd March, 2012, at the High Court in London. Sahara Force India was directed by the London High Court judge to pay outstanding fees of more than £700,000 to Aerolab, although Force India was handed just under £21,000 in compensation for use of its intellectual property.

This penalty comes in as a part of the declaration of an intellectual property dispute between the two teams. Despite the High Court ruling, the Silverstone-based team now plans to refer the matter to the FIA for further consideration given that using the intellectual property of other teams is banned under F1 rules. The UK High Court judgement, in respect of the illegal copying, will now be referred for the consideration of Formula One’s governing body, the FIA,” the team said, “whilst the Italian criminal case against Mike Gascoyne, Tony Fernandes and Jean Claude Migeot remains ongoing.

With already prevailing difficulties around reports that Vijay Mallya’s Kingfisher Airlines may collapse following rising debts, frozen bank accounts, cancellation of flights and delay in salary payments, verdict on Force India might come as another blow for the tycoon. Aerolab had worked with Force India until 2009, when its ended the relationship over unpaid bills – with the company then starting work with the new Caterham team (then running under the Lotus name) just days later. Vijay Mallya’s Formula One team had also alleged Aerolab and Caterham’s chief technical officer Mike Gascoyne of misusing the team’s intellectual property. However, Justice Arnold stated Force India "has come nowhere near establishing that. Force India claimed that the Lotus T127 had featured a large number of parts copied from Force India’s design and although the court stated that the intellectual property rights had been used as a ‘shortcut’ it threw out claims that there has been ‘systematic copying’ of the design and said Force India hadn’t come close to proving that to be the case.

Force India, which had prized its car designs at 15 million pounds ($23.8 million), may witness another hearing on legal costs, in May. It is said that the bill could be the final straw for struggling Mallya, who may now cede control of Force India to 42.5 per cent shareholder Subrata Roy, another billionaire of India. Relating to the teams’ two-year intellectual property dispute, the High Court in London, however, also charged Aerolab for misuse of confidential information, and has asked the company to pay Rs 16.7 lakh (€25,000) to Force India. Some parts created using Force India confidential information were used on the Team Lotus race cars in the early part of the 2010 season.




Legal Services Cadet Corps (LCC) in High Schools on the lines of NCC and NSS to increase legal literacy in the country

There is an urgent requirement to establishment of LCC in schools along with the existing (at a few states) Legal Literacy Clubs would help in the growth of legal literacy. The LCC students may also have an objective to watch from within their own community, people who are vulnerable and need access to legal services.

There are political, social and economic reasons which prevented the community from getting access to legal service where their actionable entitlements could be denied. LCC students can find these cases of injustice and help them avail legal services at Taluk Legal Services Authority or District Legal Services Authority. As there are Legal literary clubs in many schools, for eg Kerala has it in 200 to 300 schools, and schools in Himachal Pradesh and Maharashtra too have LCC. As per the sources more than 90 per cent of the population is ignorant of the existing laws and because of that they don’t know what to do in a crisis situation and this in fact is disempowering them apart from the mental inhibitions which are a resultant effect. As common saying goes ignorancia facti execusat ignorancia legis non execusat (Ignorance of fact can be excused but ignorance of law is not). Making everybody aware about the existing laws is a big challenge where around one fourth population of India is illiterate.

National Workshop on “Drafting of Commercial Agreements” on 30th March, 2012 at ASSOCHAM House, 47 Prithviraj Road, New Delhi

19th March, 2012

Dear Sir/ Madam

In the day-to-day course of business, regardless of the size of operation, it is fundamental to regulate and document business relationships.

The Workshop will discuss the various issues involved in drafting and negotiating commercial agreements including the applicable provisions of law, both statutory and general principles, the law relating to damages and enforcement of contract, etc. which need to be considered and will provide valuable insights to the concerned business executives, lawyers and professionals to safeguard their/client’s business interests.

In order to debate threadbare and workout a framework for drafting a Commercial agreement, ASSOCHAM plans to hold one day National Workshop onDrafting of Commercial Agreements” on 30th March, 2012 at ASSOCHAM House, 47 Prithviraj Road, New Delhi.

The Workshop will be inaugurated by the Hon’ble Mr. Justice A. M. Ahmadi, Former Chief Justice, Supreme Court of India and will be addressed by practicing top legal luminaries, corporate in-house legal Heads with live case studies.

A few slots for Speakers/Sponsorship available.

We seek nomination of 3-4 Law officials from your organization. This will undoubtedly give desired value addition to their legal competencies.

We have a limited capacity of 125 Delegates only and as such pre-registration is a pre-requisite necessity.





For more information, please visit website:

Encl: 1. Workshop E-Flyer 2. Sponsorship Details 3. Registration Form

Drafting E-Flyer-20.6cm x 27.pdf
Sponsorship Details.pdf
Registration Form – Workshop on Drafting of Commercial Agreement – 30th March 2012.pdf

Article on Comparative Analysis of Copyright Protection of Databases: The Path to Follow” published in JI PR

The paper titled: “Comparative Analysis of Copyright Protection of Databases: The Path to Follow” , has been published today in the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) Journal of Intellectual Property Rights (JIPR). Please click the below links to see the article.

Thanking you,


GI Status to Gujarat’s Kutchi shawls

The colourful Kutchi shawls, woven with motifs in one solid colour throughout, has been granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag, a move which is expected to benefit its hereditary weavers in Kutch region of Gujarat. The GI registration of this shawl will convey assurance of quality and distinctiveness — essentially attributed to the place of its origin in a defined geographical locality.

Gabhubhai Vankar, President Kutch Weavers Association (KWA) said that we have been granted the GI tag for our Kutchi shawls, which is famous worldwide. The tag will provide a push to its marketing and also help check the cheap imitation being done in other parts of the nation. .

Prof. (Dr.) Tabrez Ahmad,Program Director
College of Law, Alliance University,
City Campus -2nd Cross, 36th Main, Dollars Scheme, BTM 1st Stage
Bangalore -560068
Central Campus- Chandapura – Anekal Main Road, Bangalore – 562106

tabrez.ahmad Websites: My Website <Website > Website, My Blogs , Profiles: Google, Linkedin , Facebook, Peerpower
CV , Research Papers , Presentations , Twitter , Video ,
Technolex Facebook

Phone: 080-30938100

India may be in the US301 Priority Watch List with other countries

According to the February report of the US Trade Representative (USTR), American entertainment, pharmaceutical and software industries said they still suffered from runaway violations in Thailand. They suggested that the USTR keep Thailand on the PWL along with the other countries – Argentina, Canada, China, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Russia and Ukraine.

Pajchima Tanasanti, director-general of the Intellectual Property Department, said last week that Thailand faces a strong possibility of being included in the PWL for another year since the government failed to pass strict laws to control violations this year as expected.

"The two important bills for anti-camcording and copyrights that the US is looking forward to seeing could not pass Parliament in time. However, the acts should be promulgated this year and ensure that Thailand can be upgraded to the Watch List next year," he said.

The bills have just passed their first reading. It will take a couple of months for amendments and final approval.

Thailand was put on the PWL in 2007. If the country’s trade status remains unchanged, it would be considered a weak country for international property rights (IPR) protection for five years, which means that its exports to the United States will encounter high duties and American companies will hesitate to invest here due to the inefficiency in protecting IPR. Washington is scheduled to release its special 301 report on revisions of trade partners’ status by the end of this month.

In the USTR report, the group Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America continued to raise the issues of the uncertainty of protection due to the imposition of compulsory licensing, the protection of drug patents and illicit drugs.

The USTR also found that many markets such as Panthip Plaza, Klong Thom, Saphan Lek, Baan Mo, Patpong, MBK and areas on Sukhumvit Road were still notorious for selling fake goods.

Greater abuse on the Internet has been reported in the country since Thais have gained access to more technology such as broadband and 3G. Thailand has a big problem with the illegal trading of movies and equipment, which caused losses of US$72 million (Bt2.2 billion) for the industry in 2011. More than 200 movies have been copied in the Kingdom. New types of violations were also found in Thailand such as the illegal trading of hard discs and external hard discs.

Right Against Self Incrimination is Becoming a Misnomer in Information Superhighway

There is a lot of hue and cry to a controversial the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit ruling on February 29th,which says it is now legal for police to search cell phones without a warrant. Due to that the expanding conflict between constitutional rights and technological advances has taken another turn. The United States of America v. Abel Flores-Lopez arises from the original Indiana case involving Mr. Flores-Lopez, who was arrested for allegedly selling methamphetamine. Flores-Lopez was reportedly arrested during a sting operation. Police then searched his phone for numbers. Those numbers were later linked to a drug dealing ring. He was subsequently convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Police never had a warrant or his permission to search the phone. Flores-Lopez appealed, claiming his 4th amendment rights were violated. The 7th circuit U.S Court of Appeal turned down his request and sided with the officers.

The court said that the possible invasion of privacy from doing so was slight enough that it would not violate Fourth Amendment rights against unreasonable search and seizure. The presiding judge determined that since police officers can search a diary for information such as addresses and phone numbers, they also have the right to search cellphones for pertinent information.

This "lack of severity" was due to the fact that the search revealed only the telephone number of the arrestee’s seized cellphone. "If police are entitled to open a pocket diary to copy the owner’s address, they should be entitled to turn on a cell phone to learn its number," Judge Richard Posner wrote for the three-judge panel. "If allowed to leaf through a pocket address book, as they are…they should be entitled to read the address book in a cell phone. If forbidden to peruse love letters recognized as such found wedged between the pages of the address book, they should be forbidden to read love letters in the files of a cell phone."

Extrapolating on this cell phone-equals-diary analogy, the judge further contended that both were "containers," as "any object capable of holding another object…an object that can contain anything else, including data, is a container…And since a container found on the person of someone who is arrested may be searched as an incident to the arrest even if the arresting officers don’t suspect that the container holds a weapon or contraband, and thus without any justification specific to that container…the government urges that a cell phone seized as an incident to an arrest can likewise be freely searched."

Thus, the court ruled that a search "incident to the arrest" of someone does not violate that person’s Fourth Amendment rights. Yet the Fourth Amendment itself states that "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."

How has this apparent contradiction been adjudicated? Two Supreme Court rulings regarding "search-incident" doctrine, based on the need for officers to quickly determine if containers associated with an arrestee contain evidence of the offense itself, or anything that might endanger the safety of police officers and others, have been somewhat contradictory. In United States v. Robinson (1973), a police officer stopped a car based on reliable information that Mr. Robinson’s driver’s license had been revoked. After being arrested on that charge, Robinson was searched and a crumpled cigarette package containing heroine was found. The Court ruled "in the case of a lawful custodial arrest a full search of the person is not only an exception to the warrant requirement of the 4th Amendment, but is also a reasonable search under that Amendment."

Yet in Arizona v. Gant (2009), Rodney J. Gant, was also arrested for driving with a suspended license, but was already walking away from his vehicle when police detained him. After securing Gant and other suspects in patrol cars, police searched his vehicle, where they found narcotics and a weapon. In that case, the Court ruled that police are not allowed to search an arrestee’s car after the arrestee had been handcuffed and there was no realistic possibility that he could gain access to any evidence or weapons in his vehicle.

Flores-Lopez contended that the latter case was applicable because, when narcotics officers searched his cellphone, it was safe in police custody, therefore requiring a warrant to conduct additional searches.

The 7th Circuit Court disallowed the argument, noting that Gant involved the search of a vehicle, and further noting that it was reasonable for investigators to believe that the number of the cellphone in the defendant’s possession could be used as evidence to link him to other conspirators in the drug-trafficking operation under investigation. With respect to the evidence-preservation and officer-safety rationales contained in Robinson, the Court contended that the "conceivability" that co-conspirators could initiate a remote wipe of the contents of the defendant’s cellphone (evidence preservation) and the availability of stun guns shaped like cell phones (officer safety) made a warrantless search "reasonable," even if the possibility of a remote wipe was not "probable."

The unresolved issue? Though discussed by the court, it declined to decide what facts would be required to conduct a warrantless search more extensive than a search for the cell phone’s number. "We need not consider what level of risk to personal safety or to the preservation of evidence would be necessary to justify a more extensive search of a cell phone without a warrant, especially when we factor in the burden on the police of having to traipse about with Faraday bags or mirror-copying technology and having to be instructed in the use of these methods for preventing remote wiping or rendering it ineffectual," wrote Posner–who then cut to the heart of the issue. "We can certainly imagine justifications for a more extensive search," he added.

Given contradictory rulings in this arena, including a California State Supreme Court ruling allowing law enforcement officers to go through any content on a suspect’s cell phone, and an Ohio State Supreme Court ruling that such searches violate the Fourth Amendment, it seems likely that the Supreme Court will have to clarify such justifications.

As of now, both sides of the issue were framed by their respective proponents in the law enforcement community. Former Dallas FBI Agent Danny Defenbaugh defended the ruling, claiming it gives law enforcement officials an advantage in fighting crime. "I think not only will it help them, but it could be life saving," he said. Paul Coggins, former U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Texas, was far less sanguine. "Does (the ruling) mean officers now have the right to search through your phone, search through your search history, your photographs, your e-mails and the rest, because it could all be wiped clean?" he asked.

And lest anyone think encrypted cell phone passwords are the solution, because requiring one to divulge one’s password would violate the Fifth Amendment’s protection against self-incrimination, think again: in January, a Colorado judge ordered a woman to decrypt her own computer so prosecutors could use the files in it against her in a criminal case. That case will likely end up in front of the U.S. Supreme Court as well–which recently ruled 9-0 that affixing a GPS device to a vehicle for 28 days constitutes a search requiring a warrant. But even in that case, they left open the question of whether GPS monitoring for shorter periods of time would require a warrant.

Technology is rapidly eliminating anything resembling a genuine the right to privacy. Sadly, in a nation of people enthralled with posting the details of their lives on Internet websites, or loading substantial portions of those lives into cellphone and other portable devices, much of that elimination has been voluntary. Law enforcement officials, more often than not, are more than willing to exploit that enthusiasm. It behooves the courts to constitutionally temper that enthusiasm.

The case gave the court an occasion to examine just how far police can go when it comes to searching electronic gadgets.

"Lurking behind this issue is the question whether and when a laptop or desktop computer, tablet, or other type of computer (whether called a ‘computer’ or not) can be searched without a warrant," Judge Richard Posner wrote for the three-judge panel.

He raised the example of the iCam, which allows someone to use a phone to connect to a home-computer web camera, enabling someone to search a house interior remotely.

"At the touch of a button, a cell phone search becomes a house search," he wrote.

Prosecutors argued that in an age when people can wipe their cell phones clean remotely, officers are under pressure to obtain data before it is destroyed.

The court acknowledged that the actual risk that one of the suspects would have been able to destroy the phone’s contents was minimal in this case. But so was the invasion of privacy, limited to telephone numbers.

The court left the question of just how far police can go in searching a phone’s contents for another day.

Moreover, the remedy does not represent an over-correction towards privacy since law enforcement would still have the opportunity to obtain a warrant to search Facebook or any other social networking site without having to directly seize a suspect’s phone.

These changes would be consistent with the widely supported theory that the Bill of Rights, collectively, was added to the Constitution “to keep the precincts of belief and expression, of the press, of political and social activities free from surveillance.”Blanket government surveillance of speech on Facebook not only presents privacy concerns of a different scale, but it squarely conflicts with Justice Brandeis’ belief in the “freedom to think as you will and to speak as you think.” Granted, Justice Brandeis’ statement that “[o]nly an emergency can justify repression” is consistent with rules allowing post-arrest searches to ensure officer safety or protect other citizens from imminent danger. But the cell phone searches sometimes done in the name of “emergency” or “safety,” but rather, to conduct fishing expeditions for potentially useful evidence. The marginal benefit of such epic searches is not offset by considerations of the hazards of “discouraging thought” and stifling “public discussion.”

Thus, the combination of current criminal procedure doctrine with Facebook’s extensive database and emerging cloning technology easily provides an arresting officer with a profile database that rivals those found in once-hyperbolic Orwellian science fiction.

This is a classic overbreadth problem—except that there is no overbreadth doctrine in Fourth Amendment jurisprudence.

Without an immediate correction, the result of the status quo is clear: We must assume that any speech on the internet will eventually be copied and cataloged by the government. And in a democracy such as ours, the unwarranted law enforcement license to “listen in” to every conversation in our 21st century town square should be seen as a grave threat to democracy and the ideals of self-governance.

The government’s ease in justifying the search of an arrestee’s Facebook account and its ability to maintain a cloned copy of this speech—which not only could date back over a decade, but also could create an archive of his friends’ speech—create not just a chilling effect, but perhaps a freezing effect on speech. From exposing anonymous identities to revealing associational ties, a post-arrest Facebook search not only deters an arrestee’s core political speech, but the single search ices the communication and consumption of many persons.

But Facebook, I submit, presents additional concerns that are unique to the popularity of the social network. Unlike diaries, laptops, blogs, or even Twitter, its structure means that government access to one person’s private account essentially constitutes government access to the private accounts of the user’s friends, which could number in the thousands. Never before has any technological innovation meant that searching one person’s gadget was the equivalent to searching over a thousand’s person gadgets. While a personal diary might reveal personal information about another, it’s unlikely that any person’s diary is the equivalent of carrying around every friend’s diary, as well.

Even though Facebook’s policies ban Facebook users from providing false information or creating an account in another person’s name, government agencies regularly create them in hopes that suspects (or suspects’ friends) will approve the request and instantly allow them to access private information, map social networks, and begin the process of luring them into incriminating revelations. In one section on working undercover on social networking sites, the document poses but does not answer the question: “[i]f agents violate terms of service, is that ‘otherwise illegal activity’?” No caselaw provides a clear answer. However, given the general legality of undercover operations in which officers violate crimes in order to prevent crimes, there seems to be no legal barrier to these fake profile tactics and ultimately diluting the main object of right to self incrimination.


Prof. (Dr.) Tabrez Ahmad,Program Director
College of Law, Alliance University,
City Campus -2nd Cross, 36th Main, Dollars Scheme, BTM 1st Stage
Bangalore -560068
Central Campus- Chandapura – Anekal Main Road, Bangalore – 562106

tabrez.ahmad Websites: My Website <Website > Website, My Blogs , Profiles: Google, Linkedin , Facebook, Peerpower
CV , Research Papers , Presentations , Twitter , Video ,
Technolex Facebook

Phone: 080-30938100